The Top 15 ‘Goldfish Breeds’ Colors, Characteristics And Much More

Goldfish are iconic and beloved aquatic pets that have been cherished for centuries. With their captivating colors and unique characteristics, goldfish come in a wide variety of breeds, each with its own distinct features.

In this comprehensive article, we will explore the enchanting world of goldfish by presenting a list of the top 15 goldfish breeds, highlighting their unique attributes and popularity among fish enthusiasts.

Goldfish Breeds

The Top 15 Goldfish Breeds

1. Common Goldfish (Carassius auratus)

The Common Goldfish is the quintessential pet goldfish, known for its bright orange coloration and sleek body. It’s a great choice for beginners due to its hardiness.

2. Comet Goldfish

Comet Goldfish are similar to the Common Goldfish but have longer, flowing tails, resembling a comet’s tail. They are known for their graceful swimming.

3. Shubunkin Goldfish

Shubunkin Goldfish are characterized by their calico coloring, with a mix of red, orange, blue, black, and white patches. They are known for their striking appearance.

4. Fantail Goldfish

Fantail Goldfish have a distinct double tail that spreads out like a fan. They come in various colors and are prized for their elegance.

5. Oranda Goldfish

Oranda Goldfish are easily recognized by the fleshy growth on their heads, known as a wen. They are available in various colors and are a favorite among collectors.

6. Ryukin Goldfish

Ryukin Goldfish have a humpbacked appearance, which makes them stand out. They have flowing tails and come in a range of colors.

7. Lionhead Goldfish

Lionhead Goldfish are known for their distinctive hood-like head growth, similar to the mane of a lion. They have a rounded body and are popular in the fancy goldfish category.

8. Pearlscale Goldfish

Pearlscale Goldfish are recognized by their bumpy, pearl-like scales. They have a round body and are available in various colors.

9. Black Moor Goldfish

Black Moor Goldfish are easily identified by their deep black coloration and protruding eyes. They have a unique and charming appearance.

10. Celestial Eye Goldfish

Celestial Eye Goldfish are characterized by their upward-facing eyes, which give them an otherworldly appearance. They have a graceful swimming style.

11. Bubble Eye Goldfish

Bubble Eye Goldfish have fluid-filled sacs under their eyes, creating a distinctive bubble-like appearance. They require special care due to their delicate eye sacs.

12. Telescope Goldfish

Telescope Goldfish have protruding eyes that resemble a telescope lens. They come in various colors and are known for their playful antics.

13. Wakin Goldfish

Wakin Goldfish have a slender body and a split tail. They are often kept in outdoor ponds and are known for their adaptability.

14. Veiltail Goldfish

Veiltail Goldfish are characterized by their long, flowing tail fins that trail behind them gracefully. They are prized for their beauty and elegance.

15. Lionchu Goldfish

Lionchu Goldfish are a crossbreed between Lionhead and Ranchu Goldfish. They have a distinctive lion-like head and a rounded body.

Goldfish Breeds: A Kaleidoscope of Colors and Shapes

Goldfish come in a wide array of breeds, each with its unique characteristics. Some of the most popular goldfish breeds include Common Goldfish, Comet Goldfish, Shubunkin Goldfish, Fantail Goldfish, Oranda Goldfish, Ryukin Goldfish, Lionhead Goldfish, Pearlscale Goldfish, Black Moor Goldfish, Celestial Eye Goldfish, Bubble Eye Goldfish, Telescope Goldfish, Wakin Goldfish, Veiltail Goldfish, and Lionchu Goldfish.

These breeds exhibit various body shapes, fin types, and color patterns, making goldfish keeping a visually captivating hobby.

Goldfish Care: A World of Responsibility

Caring for goldfish requires attention to several crucial aspects:


Goldfish need an appropriately sized tank or pond with clean, dechlorinated water and a reliable filtration system. Proper water parameters, including temperature and pH, should be maintained.


A balanced diet is essential for goldfish health. They thrive on a diet of high-quality goldfish flakes or pellets supplemented with occasional treats like live or freeze-dried foods and fresh vegetables.

Peaceful and Social:

Goldfish are generally peaceful and social creatures. They can coexist with other fish of similar size and temperament but may not fare well with aggressive or nippy tankmates.

Colorful Variations:

Goldfish can display a wide range of colors, including orange, red, yellow, white, black, and various combinations and patterns. The possibilities for creating a stunning goldfish display are endless.

Oxygen Requirements:

Goldfish, like all fish, require oxygen to survive. Adequate aeration and surface movement ensure they receive sufficient oxygen dissolved in the water.

Gender Differences:

Distinguishing between male and female goldfish can be challenging, especially in young fish. Males may have slightly thicker pectoral fins and smaller, more pointed ventral fins, while females typically have rounder bodies.

Lifespan of Goldfish: A Long-Term Commitment

Goldfish are known for their impressive longevity when provided with proper care. On average, they can live for 10 to 15 years, but some well-cared-for goldfish have reached ages exceeding 20 years.

A comfortable habitat, a balanced diet, and regular maintenance contribute to their extended lifespan.

The Most Expensive Goldfish: A Luxury Hobby

The title of the most expensive goldfish ever sold goes to a rare and coveted variety known as the “Yamabuki Ogon.” This goldfish features a vibrant, metallic gold coloration that resembles the precious metal itself.

Prices for exceptional Yamabuki Ogon specimens can reach astronomical figures, making them a symbol of luxury in the world of ornamental fishkeeping.

How Long Can Goldfish Go Without Food?

Goldfish are resilient and can go without food for several days, even up to two weeks in some cases. However, it’s essential to provide regular feeding to maintain their health and vitality. If you plan to be away, consider using an automatic fish feeder to ensure they receive their daily meals.

Rare and Unusual Goldfish Varieties

In addition to the common goldfish breeds, the world of goldfish keeping includes rare and unusual varieties. Some of these include the Bubble Eye Goldfish, which has fluid-filled sacs under its eyes, the Celestial Eye Goldfish with upward-facing eyes, and the Lionchu Goldfish, a crossbreed with a lion-like head and a rounded body.

These unique goldfish varieties are prized by collectors and enthusiasts for their novelty.

The Best Goldfish for Pets: A Personal Choice

Choosing the best goldfish for a pet ultimately depends on personal preferences, available space, and expertise as an aquarist. Beginners often start with Common Goldfish, Comet Goldfish, or Fantail Goldfish due to their hardiness and adaptability.

For experienced enthusiasts seeking unique and challenging breeds, Oranda Goldfish, Ryukin Goldfish, and Lionhead Goldfish offer rewarding experiences.


These 15 goldfish breeds represent the diversity and beauty of the world of goldfish keeping. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced aquarist, there’s a goldfish breed to suit your preferences and skill level.

Remember to provide proper care, including an appropriate tank or pond size, water quality maintenance, and a balanced diet, to ensure the health and happiness of your aquatic companions. Goldfish are not just pets; they are living works of art that bring joy and serenity to any aquatic environment.